If you are upgrading a VPS, it is highly recommended to take a backup snapshot before proceeding, just in case rolling back is required.
Follow the "Network Upgrade" steps on the Ubuntu Upgrade page.
# Install update-manager-core if it is not already installed: sudo apt-get install update-manager-core # Launch the upgrade tool: sudo do-release-upgrade # Follow the on-screen instructions.
Lots more information upgrading between different versions here: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/UpgradeNotes
However the following steps are usually sufficient to upgrade your VPS software. As always, if you are not sure, feel free to get one of our staff to assist you by popping in a support ticket.
Before running do-release-upgrade run
chmod 777 /var/run/screen and edit /etc/update-manager/release-upgrades to set "Prompt=normal" (meaning go to the next release, not wait for an LTS release).
During the install you may encounter the following question, select Yes.
[package grub-pc] Writing GRUB to boot device failed - continue?
When the upgrade finishes, and you are prompted to execute a reboot, select no.
Check that plymouth (the graphical 'splash' screen) has not been re-enabled again:
# cd /etc/init # for i in plymouth*; do mv $i $i.backup; done
We have built a new kernel from the 3.6 series which works well for this release. After dist-upgrading just change the kernel via our control panel which will take care of the reboot for you, and you should be all set.
We provided a 3.1.9 kernel which works well for this release so far.
No special notes, upgrades seem to work consistently
For those upgrading rather than using our clean install you may find rsyslogd goes to 100% CPU after logrotate runs. This is due to a known bug in the latest version. The fix is to revert to an older version of the rsyslog package. ref https://launchpad.net/ubuntu/natty/+package/rsyslog for more info on available versions and files
Pin to the older versions so it wont break again when we update
echo 'Package: rsyslog Pin: version 4.2.0* Pin-Priority: 1002 '>> /etc/apt/preferences
Grab the older version of the package, make sure you get the right version for your system.
wget http://launchpadlibrarian.net/39741428/rsyslog_4.2.0-2ubuntu8_i386.deb OR wget http://launchpadlibrarian.net/39741415/rsyslog_4.2.0-2ubuntu8_amd64.deb
And install that...
dpkg -i rsyslog_4.2.0-2ubuntu8_i386.deb service rsyslog restart
Additionally we recomend using the 2.6.34 or 2.6.35 kernel available from our kernel chooser for best reliability
You will need a 188.8.131.52 or above kernel to run 10.04. This can be set via the control panel: http://rimuhosting.com/cp/vps/kernel.jsp
Then do the upgrade using do-release-upgrade as normal.
Once the upgrade is completed, add the following to /etc/fstab (before rebooting):
dev /dev devtmpfs rw 0 0
Sometimes you have to replace devtmpfs with just tmpfs in the line above.
There may be plymouth warnings on the console at the next reboot. Disable those by running:
cd /etc/init for i in plymouth*; do mv $i $i.disabled; done
Example udev errors:
udevd: failed to create queue file: No such file or directory udevd: error creating queue file init: udev main process (989) terminated with status 1 init: udev main process ended, respawning init: udevmonitor main process (991) terminated with status 2 udevadm: error sending message: Connection refused
Example plymouth errors:
init: plymouth main process (920) killed by SEGV signal init: plymouth-splash main process (3672) terminated with status 2 init: plymouth-log main process (3685) terminated with status 2
If you are considering upgrading a dedicated server and that is one of our Core2Duo servers, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org or pop in a support ticket to verify the module for the network port will work after a restart. This specifically affects servers that use the e1000e nic driver, which is not included in the distribution kernels. The resolution is to build an updated module from the latest source for that module.
It uses upstart/service for things like MySQL. So rather than enabling MySQL with:
update-rc.d mysql defaults
You'll need to: mv /etc/init/mysql.conf.disabled /etc/init/mysql.conf.
root@vps:/etc/init# mv mysql.conf.disabled mysql.conf root@vps:/etc/init# start mysql mysql start/running, process 4125
(MySQL and Dovecot are the only services that are installed but disabled by default in our images.)
Console devices are set in /etc/init/tty1.conf.
We're now using the dovecot-postfix package: http://packages.ubuntu.com/lucid/dovecot-postfix
This means that Maildirs are enabled by default, Dovecot is used for final delivery to Maildirs, and Dovecot must be started for authenticated relaying to work (i.e. Dovecot now provides all authentication for Postfix). saslauthd is gone.
The root account does not receive mail in this setup, you will need to alias root's email to another user you create.
Ubuntu have stated that there *is* an upgrade path available for this process. It is likely that a reinstall may be a faster option, however refer to the links above for more information.
I have used the following process with no apparent issues on a clean install. Please note that this update includes newer versions of important software, such as mysql and the apache web server.
You should only upgrade one increment at a time (eg. not from Edgy to Hardy).
export DEBIAN_PRIORITY=critical export DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive sed --in-place 's/gutsy/hardy/' /etc/apt/sources.list apt-get update apt-get -y dist-upgrade
Ubuntu 8.04 uses /etc/event.d rather than /etc/inittab. If you dist-upgrade, you may not have /etc/event.d/tty1, so no console/login after it boots. It should contain something like:
# tty1 - getty # # This service maintains a getty on tty1 from the point the system is # started until it is shut down again. start on stopped rc2 start on stopped rc3 start on stopped rc4 start on stopped rc5 stop on runlevel 0 stop on runlevel 1 stop on runlevel 6 respawn exec /sbin/getty 38400 hvc0
(the hvc0 may need to be tty1 - check 'dmesg | grep con' for the console device)
start tty1 to get the console active without rebooting the VPS.
The same tried an true method works for this upgrade as well as the one from Edgy to Feisty. Please note you should only upgrade one increment at a time (eg. not from Edgy to Gutsy).
export DEBIAN_PRIORITY=critical export DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive sed --in-place 's/feisty/gutsy/' /etc/apt/sources.list apt-get update apt-get -y dist-upgrade
If you suddenly get a lot of segfaults then you possibly have the wrong libc6 installed. This is easily fixed by the following command.s
apt-get remove libc6-i686 # optionally you can install the following if this gives you errors. apt-get install libc6-xen
export DEBIAN_PRIORITY=critical export DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive sed --in-place 's/edgy/feisty/' /etc/apt/sources.list apt-get update apt-get -y dist-upgrade
Did you get setup with an Ubuntu 5 Breezy Badger distro? Need the latest Ubuntu 6 Dapper Drake distro?
We have done the dist-upgrade a few times and it runs pretty smoothly. Just run:
replace breezy dapper -- /etc/apt/sources.list ; apt-get update; apt-get -y dist-upgrade
When asked if you want to keep modified config files, it is best to keep the original ones. i.e. say N (for no).